list of sleep
disorders includes brief definitions and
gives you an idea of which one may be affecting your child,
toddler or baby.
list focuses on
only. These are the less common, but more
serious ones that truly disrupt your child's nights and require dedicated attention.
Parasomnias: night terrors, bedwetting and
These so-called parasomnias in our list of disorders can be quite
annoying but are usually
too serious from a medical point of view
. They pass
without medical intervention in most cases or need only gentle guidance
to be corrected.
terrors or sleep terrors
, also called confusional arousal,
are awakenings from deep sleep, typically in the early night. The child
seems wide awake but isn't, typically screams and is restless for a
while before going back down. Next day he/she does not remember
Technically it takes a long time before
becomes a real
issue. Being dry at night is part of normal development, and it very often happens much later than being dry during
Up to the age of 6-8 years old, it is usually is still normal and nearly always due to
The main to-do as a parent is to realize that it's fine and normal and above all to help avoid feelings of shame and guilt in the child. It's never their fault and taking a casual approach is by far the most effective to help them. Most kids
simply outgrow it, in particular if it's never been made into a big deal.
In some cases,
going from gentle guidance through medical
intervention can be necessary.
Sleepwalking and Sleeptalking
A sleepwalking or sleeptalking child will be 'up' but not really awake.
It is a typical thing for school-aged kids, but it can disrupt your
toddler's naps and nights too.
The main thing is to be attentive to this as a parent and to
make sure your sleepwalker does not get injured during his or her walks.
Pediatrician Dr. Leah Alexander, MD, FAAP, also recommends attaching some kind of alarm sound to the bedroom door (this can be a simple toy-bell, as long as it's well out of reach of your child) as well as the front or back door. That's because unfortunately even young toddlers have made their way outside on the street during sleep walking episodes.
The most common type of
apnea in young children
is called Obstructive
Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS). It is when the upper airways block
partially or completely from time to time during the night (or nap).
In either case, the shortÂ breathing halts (half) wake up the
Baby, toddler or older child then does not get enough deep rest.
This is the most
disruptive sleeping disorder kids can
have, about 1 to 3 percent could be affected. Removal
of tonsils and adenoids in surgery is the common medical treatment.
The problem with it is that it often goes
unnoticed. Consequences include growth disturbance and behavioral
problems. That's why it is so
to spot apnea
as soon as
and the specific
signs and symptoms
to make sure you don't miss it.
Narcolepsy is when sleep patterns are seriously disrupted. A
narcoleptic person is extremely tired during the day, can be
problematic to wake at certain times and can fall asleep suddenly,
Luckily this is
kids, definitely in very young ones but it's in the list of sleep
disorders for reference and so that you are aware of its existence, and
recognize it just in case.
Heidi Holvoet, PhD, is the founder of the Baby Sleep Advice website and movement, an award-winning author, baby & toddler sleep consultant with 14+ years experience as well as a certified lactation counselor.
Over the years, Heidi has received several awards inluding a Mom's Choice Award (MCA) and National Parenting Awards (NAPPA) for her Baby Sleep Advice website, programs and books.
She is also a member of the Association of Professional Sleep Consultants of which she was one of the earliest contributors. She obtained her PhD degree in physics at the University of Ghent in Belgium.
Heidi is passionate about helping babies and their parents sleep more and better, with her trademark approach that has been proven and praised time and again by parents worldwide to be effective and truly no-tears. Respect for you as a parent and your baby, is at the heart of Heidi's warm and kind support. Her approach always keeps in mind a baby's needs and abilities at any given age, is based on pediatric science and the most up to date knowledge in infant care and sleep science.